Government – Key Factor Summary
- Pitt County, the City of Greenville, and the Towns of Ayden, Bethel, Farmville, Winterville, and Grifton operate under the manager form of government.
- Electoral process of County and City is by districts or wards, assuring minority representation.
- County and Municipal governments are recognized for efficiency of operations, stable tax rates, expanding tax base and commitment to economic growth.
- Pitt County’s G.O. Bond Rating is AA+ (Fitch), AA (Standard & Poor’s), and Aa2 (Moody’s); City of Greenville’s Bond Rating is AA (Standard & Poor’s) and Aa2 (Moody’s)
- Expenditure of local county revenues, in order of magnitude, are: education, human services, public safety, and general government.
- Expenditures of local revenues by the City of Greenville, in order of magnitude, are: public safety, public works, general government, and parks and recreation.
- The County and all major communities are involved in land-use planning and employ full-time staffs to prepare and plan for continued economic development.
Relationship of Local Government to State
The State Constitution gives the North Carolina General Assembly the power to establish or to abolish counties and cities. The General Assembly also determines the scope of county and city government; local governmental units must have legislative grant of power before dealing with any particular issue (from elections to zoning ordinances to parking regulations).
Counties operate as the second tier of government, administering and delivering many programs to city as well as rural county residents such as education, health (including operation of sanitary landfills), social services, registration of real estate transactions, and supervision of elections, as mandated by state and/or federal law. Several county positions are held by elected officials, stipulated by State law, including members of the Board of County Commissioners, the Sheriff, the Register of Deeds, and members of the Board of Education. Other positions are appointed by the Board of County Commissioners (or designated representatives).
Towns and cities offer supplementary services such as utilities, garbage collection, recreation, street maintenance (all county roads are state maintained), and intensified police and fire protection. Elected town/city officials are the Mayor and members of the council.